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Hi guys,

Are there any tutorials or could you explain how I can inspect the following according to the maintenance manual? its a 2008 focus.

- inspect steering linkage, suspension and drivershaft ball joints and U-joints

- inspect brake pads, shoes, rotors and drums and parking brake system.

- exhaust system and heat shields

- Lubricate all ball joints and U-joints.

- inspect wheels for end play and noise
Thanks a bunch [driving]
 

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I don't know about tutorials, inspections are done via the eyeballs (you have to look at them for wear).

- inspect steering linkage, suspension and driveshaft ball joints and U-joints
Look at the end links and ball joints, make sure there is not any grease around the boots, check for play (if they are loose, they are going bad)
CV joints (U-joints) try turning the axles as you observe the CV joints, if the shaft moves and the CV joint doesn't - the CV joint is bad
The suspension is the hardest (IMO) to troubleshoot, check all ends - control arms, shocks/struts, springs joints, you are again looking for wear. Having 15,000 miles on the vehicle, you should not see anything for wear, but look at everything very closely because it will give you an idea of what everything looks like and what to look at in the future and what has changed.

- inspect brake pads, shoes, rotors and drums and parking brake system.
Brake pads and rotors are the easy part, check to see how thick the pads are, check the rotors for cracks or discoloration (hot spots) - you will need to remove the wheels for this, you can also check the wheel bearings at the same time by shaking the wheel up and down and then side to side - if there is not any play, you are good (if there is any play, the wheel bearings are bad or going bad)
The drums you will have to remove the center cap and spindle nut to remove the rear drums. Before you do this, check to see how free the drum turns - you will need to tighten the nut the same when reinstalling the drum. Again, check the thickness on the brake shoe and the drum for cracks and discoloration.
Check the emergency brake cables and springs - remove any debris that could cause the cable to bind or not retract all the way. Check the connection with the rear drums to make sure there is not any wear.

- exhaust system and heat shields
Check for leaks in the exhaust - would show up as black spots around joints. Make sure heat shields are i nplace

- Lubricate all ball joints and U-joints.
Some you can and some you can't. If there is a grease fitting on it, grease it.

- inspect wheels for end play and noise
The end play would be checking the bearings and a little more on the ball joints, with the wheel off the ground, you can put a long pry bar under the wheel and lift up and down to confirm if there is any movement. Check the tires for uneven wear.

Hope this helps some, the first inspection is usually getting you familiar with the underside of your car.
 
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