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Old 01-16-2004, 02:27 PM   #1
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Replacing your catalytic converter

Things you should know before replacing your catalytic converter.

NOTE: This link downloads a PDF file.
Click here to view EPA requirements when replacing catalytic convertors

*Right click on the link if you want to download the PDF file to your PC.



Here's the short version of the document.
==============================
EPA GUIDELINES
INSTALLATION REQUIREMENTS FOR AFTERMARKET CATALYTIC CONVERTERS

EFFECTIVE BY FEDERAL POLICY,
AUGUST 5, 1986

The following is the Federal Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) and the California Air Resources Board

(CARB) regulations * for the proper installation of replacement catalytic converters:

1. Replacement catalytic converters may be installed only in situations as defined in the CONDITIONS FOR REPLACEMENT.

2. Replacement catalytic converters must be installed in the same location as the original converter.

3. Replacement catalytic converters must be the same type of converter as the original converter (i.e., oxidation, three-way, or three-way-plus oxidation);

4. Replacement catalytic converters must be the proper converter for the vehicle application as determined and specified by the manufacturer;

5. Replacement catalytic converters must be connected properly to any existing air injection or temperature or oxygen sensing components on the vehicle.

6. Replacement catalytic converters must be installed with all the other required converters for the particular application if more than one converter was installed originally by the vehicle manufacturer; or in the case of new aftermarket converters, if more than one converter was specified by the converter manufacturer;


7. Installers must complete the INSTALLERíS WARRANTY SHEET, and sign it, as also the vehicle owner.*VIOLATIONS of one or more of these installation requirements could result in the installer being liable for a penalty of up to $25,000 for each violation, under provisions set forth in the EPA tampering prohibition law specified in Section 203 of the Clean Air Act, 42 US Code, Section 7522, amended in 1990, and under the CARB rules and regulations pertaining to aftermarket catalytic converters.




CONDITIONS FOR REPLACEMENT
The EPA guidelines state that replacement converters may be installed only in the following situations:

1. The vehicle is missing a converter.

2. A state or local inspection program has determined that the existing converter needs replacement.

3. The vehicle is more than five years old or has more than 50,000 miles and a legitimate need for replacement has been established and documented.


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Old 01-16-2004, 02:29 PM   #2
 
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Pretty much sums up what we know, it would be good to know about the hi flow cats though.
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Old 01-16-2004, 02:31 PM   #3
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Are you wondering if the hi-flow cats are EPA approved for OEM replacement or something else ?
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Old 01-16-2004, 02:37 PM   #4
 
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Yes, I am wondering if say a RT can be used as a legal replacement.
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Old 01-16-2004, 02:38 PM   #5
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According to RT their cats met all Federal EPA and California A.R.B. requirements for use as replacement cats when OEM cats fail or need replacement.
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Old 01-16-2004, 02:40 PM   #6
 
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So that means your car must be 5 years old or have 50k+ miles to use the cat legally.

Ok, so I was right.
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Old 01-16-2004, 02:46 PM   #7
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The vehicle is more than five years old or has more than 50,000 miles and a legitimate need for replacement has been established and documented

I don't think that 'I need more horsepower' qualifies a legit replacment.
Either way, it's the installs @ss that's on the line and gets fined.
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Old 01-16-2004, 02:47 PM   #8
 
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But the thing is this, if it gets replaced and the gov't checks 3 months later, how will they know it wasn't damaged?
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Old 01-16-2004, 03:02 PM   #9
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The old cat only has to be kept for 15 days and the paperwork for 6 months.
If after 3 months and only the paperwork exists then they have no way to know it wasn't damaged and therefore would rely upon the paperwork. My guess is they have better things to do than chase down the many individuals who replace their cats. I can see this being more of an issue with people who have to go through regular emissions screening.
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